Radha Mastandrea (Berkeley)
HEP-Sim2Real: creating background templates with normalizing flows
Abstract: Resonant anomaly detection is a promising framework for model-independent searches for new particles. Weakly supervised resonant anomaly detection methods compare data with a potential signal against a template of the Standard Model (SM) background inferred from sideband regions. We propose a means to generate this background template that uses a normalizing flow to create a mapping between high-fidelity SM simulations and the data. The flow is trained in sideband regions with the signal region blinded, and the flow is conditioned on the resonant feature (mass) such that it can be interpolated into the signal region. To illustrate this approach, we use simulated collisions from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Olympics Dataset. We find that our flow-constructed background method has competitive sensitivity with other recent proposals and can therefore provide complementary information to improve future searches.